Posted by: mrborden | April 14, 2013

Week 30 CST Review Week 2


April 19 2013
QFD: Hate leaves ugly scars, love leaves beautiful ones. ~Mignon McLaughlin,
?FD: What type of star is the most dense?
Objective: Students will retain knowledge demonstrated this year on all of the California Earth Science Standards and perform at a level of proficient or better on the state exam and final exam.




April 18 2013
QFD: Love is an act of endless forgiveness, a tender look which becomes a habit. ~Peter Ustinov
?FD: Why was the open note quiz so difficult? which questions were the hardest?
Objective: Students will retain knowledge demonstrated this year on all of the California Earth Science Standards and perform at a level of proficient or better on the state exam and final exam.
1) review quiz answers
2) standard 5 and 8 notes
April 17 2013
QFD:Always be a first-rate version of yourself, instead of a second-rate version of somebody else. ~Judy Garland
?FD: Can you find all of your index cards so you can use them on the quiz?
Objective: Students will retain knowledge demonstrated this year on all of the California Earth Science Standards and perform at a level of proficient or better on the state exam and final exam.
QUIZ
1 Of the following choices, which BEST provides scientists with a reliable age of the solar system?
A terrestrial material from planets other than Earth
B earth volcanic rock
C fragments of asteroids known as meteorites
D metamorphic Earth rock

2 Why are rock samples from the moon helpful in determining the relative age of the solar system?
A because moon rocks have not gone through changes caused by tectonic activity
B because moon rocks have gone through changes caused by tectonic activity
C because moon rocks came from a distant solar system
D because moon rocks by their nature change over time

3 Scientists believe that, shortly after Earth formed, the decay of radioactive elements, combined with heat, produced melting within Earth’s interior. What happened to the denser materials, iron and nickel?
A both rose to Earth’s surface
B the iron sank towards Earth’s interior and the nickel rose towards the surface
C the nickel sank towards Earth’s interior and the iron rose to the surface
D both sank towards Earth’s interior

4 What evidence did scientists use to determine the age of the solar system?
A planetary alignment and volcanic eruptions
B lunar dust, rocks from Mars, and comets
C moon rocks, planetary orbit, and life span of a star
D meteorites, moon rocks, and Earth rocks

5 The evidence obtained from Earth and from moon rocks indicate the solar system __________.
A was formed about 4 million years ago
B was formed from a nebular cloud of dust and gas
C was made entirely of gaseous planets
D was split into two different systems

6 Which law states that in a sequence of undisturbed rock layers, the oldest layer is on the bottom and the upper layers are progressively younger?

A superposition
B layering
C denomination
D correlation

7 What is the geological time scale used for?
A random placement of prehistoric fossils
B disarray of natural disasters
C sequence of geological events in Earth’s history
D random placement of sedimentary rocks

8 Geologists use __________ to tell the sequence of events that occurred and how long ago they occurred.
A relative dating
B mine maps
C seismographs
D geological calendars

9 When the Earth’s surface became a solid crust it was covered with active volcanoes. These volcanoes released gases that became part of the early atmosphere. Which of these gases was NOT released from these early volcanoes?
A oxygen
B ammonia
C water vapor
D carbon dioxide

10 Earth’s atmosphere today contains 21 percent oxygen, but early Earth started off with an atmosphere with almost no oxygen. Which of the following BEST represents how oxygen first became prevalent in Earth’s atmosphere?
A meteorites hit Earth
B tiny organisms used photosynthesis
C volcanic eruptions emitted gases
D decay of organic material

11 The diameter of the largest terrestrial planet, Earth, is only one–quarter the diameter of which smallest gas planet?
A Neptune
B Uranus
C Saturn
D Jupiter

12 A nebula consists of 92 percent of which element?
a) Helium b) Hydrogen c) Nitrogen d) Carbon

13 Terrestrial planets are __________ than gas planets.
A brighter
B more sparse
C more dense
D larger

14 Which of the following do all terrestrial planets have in common?
A matching atmospheres
B small and rocky
C considered gas planets
D ring systems

15 Why do scientists refer to Venus as Earth’s “twin”?
A similar gravitational pressure
B similar amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere
C similar atmosphere
D similar size and age

16 What is responsible for each planets elliptical orbit around the Sun?
A distance between planets
B size of each planet
C Sun’s gravitational force
D visible radiation from distant galaxies

17 Which planet has the fastest orbital motion and the shortest period of revolution?
A Jupiter
B Earth
C Pluto
D Mercury

18 The planet located closest to the Sun is which type of planet?
A dwarf
B Jovian
C gas
D terrestrial

19 What is the relationship between the density of a planet and the distance from the sun?
A Planets that form farthest from the sun have the highest overall density compared to the planets that are closer to the sun.
B There is no relationship between the density of the planet and the distance from the sun.
C The planets closest to and farthest away from the sun have the greatest densities, and the planets in the middle have the smallest densities.
D Planets that form closest to the sun have the highest overall density compared to the planets that are further from the sun.

20 Gas giants are formed on the outer solar nebula where they were able to collect large amounts of dust and gas. Which of the following is true about gas giants?
A Gas giants are made completely of gases.
B The only gas giant with rings is Saturn.
C Gas giants are the largest planets.
D All of the gas giants are less dense than liquid water.

21. Are stars made mostly of solids, liquids, or gases? __________

22. What is the name of the reaction that occurs in the core of a star that makes star hot and luminescent?_______________________

23. Stars primarily burn what element as fuel? ______________

24.That type of star is the sun?_______________________

25.What star is the hottest color? where is it on the HR diagram? _____________________

26.Which percentage of stars are main sequence stars? _______________________

27.Which stars live longer, giant stars or smaller stars, Why?_________

28.The biggest stars can end their lives as _______________________ .
29.Where are dim white stars located on the HR diagram? ______________________

30 Is space Empty, explain why or why not? ________

31 When looking at the Milky Way galaxy through a radio telescope, the Milky Way has at least __________ distinct spiral arms.
A 3
B 5
C 10
D 12

32 Earth is located on the outer edge of the disc–shaped __________ galaxy.
A Orion
B Big Dipper
C Milky Way
D Solar System

33 Where is our solar system located within the Milky Way Galaxy?
A on one of the spiral arms about two thirds away from the center of the galaxy
B at the center of the galaxy
C at the very tip of one of the spiral arms
D by the galactic nucleus

34 Which of the following is found in the center of the Milky Way galaxy?
A the Nuclear bulge
B the Sun
C Earth
D an asteroid belt

35 What is the MOST accurate estimate of the diameter of this galaxy?
A 1,000 light years
B 10,000 light years
C 100,000 light years
D 1,000,000 light years

36 Which of these is the MOST likely location for our Solar System?
A Location 1
B Location 2
C Location 3
D Location 4

37 Differences between the life cycles of stars may be revealed through the collection of data by X-ray __________.
A microscopes
B telescopes
C machines
D crystallography

38 In February of 2010, astronomers reported discovering the largest star in the Milky Way Galaxy. The stage of the star’s life cycle was estimated using __________
A computer models based on our Sun.
B the age of the Milky Way Galaxy.
C samples taken from the star’s core.
D visual, radio, and X–ray telescopes.

39 To study the life cycle of stars more clearly, scientists needed to put telescopes into space. What is the name of the first telescope NASA put into space?

A Huston Space Telescope
B Hutton Space Telescope
C Hudson Space Telescope
D Hubble Space Telescope

40 Astronomers using visual, radio, and X–ray telescopes observe two different stars that vary in size, color, temperature and surface gravity. Because of these differences, the astronomers conclude that __________.

A the stars must be at different stages in their life cycle
B one of the “stars” must actually be a planet, rather than a star
C both stars must be nearing the red giant phase of their life cycle
D the stars must be part of the same two–star, binary solar system

41 What is the earliest stage of a stars life?
a) red giant b) main sequence c) protostar d) white dwarf

42 What is the next stage that the Sun will enter?
a) red giant b) main sequence c) protostar d) white dwarf

43) After a medium size star collapses it becomes a _____________?
a) red giant b) main sequence c) protostar d) white dwarf

44) 90% of all stars are in this category of stars?
a) red giant b) main sequence c) protostar d) white dwarf

45) What is the hottest color of star?
a) red b) blue c) white d) yellow

46) What is the coolest color of a star?
a) red b) blue c) white d) yellow

47) What is the color of our sun?
a) red b) blue c) white d) yellow

48) How will the most massive star in our galaxy end its life (canis major)?
a) black hole b) neutron star c) red super giant d) black dwarf

49) How will a giant star end its life (Rigel)?
a) black hole b) neutron star c) red super giant d) black dwarf

50) How long ago was the Universe formed? Our Solar System?
a) 4.6 BYA/13.7BYA b) 4.5 BYA/13.3 BYA c) 13.7 BYA/4.6BYA
d) 13.3BYA/4.5BYA

April 16 2013
QFD: There is no gravity. The earth sucks. ~Graffito
?FD: Name 3 similarities between the planets and the sun, 3 differences?
Objective: Students will retain knowledge demonstrated this year on all of the California Earth Science Standards and perform at a level of proficient or better on the state exam and final exam.
4. Energy enters the Earth system primarily as solar radiation and eventually escapes as heat. As a basis for understanding this concept:
a. Students know the relative amount of incoming solar energy compared with Earth’s internal energy and the energy used by society.
b. Students know the fate of incoming solar radiation in terms of reflection, absorption, and photosynthesis.
c. Students know the different atmospheric gases that absorb the Earth’s thermal radiation and the mechanism and significance of the greenhouse effect.
d.* Students know the differing greenhouse conditions on Earth, Mars, and Venus; the origins of those conditions; and the climatic consequences of each.
C
GRADES NINE THROUGH TWELVE—EARTH SCIENCES
5. Heating of Earth’s surface and atmosphere by the sun drives convection within the atmosphere and oceans, producing winds and ocean currents. As a basis for understanding this concept:
a. Students know how differential heating of Earth results in circulation patterns in the atmosphere and oceans that globally distribute the heat.
b. Students know the relationship between the rotation of Earth and the circular motions of ocean currents and air in pressure centers.
c. Students know the origin and effects of temperature inversions.
d. Students know properties of ocean water, such as temperature and salinity, can be used to explain the layered structure of the oceans, the generation of horizontal and vertical ocean currents, and the geographic distribution of marine organisms.
e. Students know rain forests and deserts on Earth are distributed in bands at specific latitudes.
standard45review

April 15 2013
QFD: When gravity calls, something falls. ~J.L.W. Brooks
?FD: Name the planets in order form the sun
Objective:Students will retain knowledge demonstrated this year on all of the California Earth Science Standards and perform at a level of proficient or better on the state exam and final exam.
1. Astronomy and planetary exploration reveal the solar system’s structure, scale, and change over time. As a basis for understanding this concept:
a. Students know how the differences and similarities among the sun, the terrestrial planets, and the gas planets may have been established during the formation of the solar system.
b. Students know the evidence from Earth and moon rocks indicates that the solar system was formed from a nebular cloud of dust and gas approximately 4.6 billion years ago.
c. Students know the evidence from geological studies of Earth and other planets suggest that the early Earth was very different from Earth today.
d. Students know the evidence indicating that the planets are much closer to Earth than the stars are.
e. Students know the Sun is a typical star and is powered by nuclear reactions, primarily the fusion of hydrogen to form helium.
f. Students know the evidence for the dramatic effects that asteroid impacts have had in shaping the surface of planets and their moons and in mass extinctions of life on Earth.
standard1study

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

Categories

%d bloggers like this: