Posted by: mrborden | March 3, 2013

Week 24 Volcanoes and Eruption Types

March 8 2013
QFD: Far away in the sunshine are my highest aspirations. I may not reach them, but I can look up and see their beauty, believe in them, and try to follow where they lead. Louisa May Alcott
?FD: Describe the three types of volcanoes and their eruptions types?
Objective: 3e. Students know there are two kinds of volcanoes: one kind with violent eruptions producing steep slopes and the other kind with voluminous lava flows producing gentle slopes
1) continue of volcano legends (rough draft due on Monday)
March 7 2013
QFD: Food, love, career, and mothers, the four major guilt groups. Cathy Guisewite
?FD: What type of lava is viscous?
Objective: 3e. Students know there are two kinds of volcanoes: one kind with violent eruptions producing steep slopes and the other kind with voluminous lava flows producing gentle slopes
1) volcano legends papers
Week 3 March Page Mrb
Thursday/Friday 1st draft due Monday 200 pointsYou will create a 2 page or 500+ word short story that reveals how Volcanic eruptions occur. Legends about volcanoes address personification but do not indicate a specific tone. You must address tone in your short story. (See English Teacher @ Tone) Add a page for your Volcano Legend on your website. Create a picture that accurately depicts a Volcanic eruption. Label and color picture
Tone is created by:

Character Antagonist/Archenemy · Deuteragonist · False protagonist · Focal character · Foil character · Protagonist · Supporting character · Tritagonist · Viewpoint character

Plot Climax · Conflict · Dénouement · Dialogue · Dramatic structure · Exposition · Falling action · Plot device · Subplot

Setting Dystopia · Fictional country · Fictional location · Fictional universe · Utopia

Theme Leitmotif · Moral · Motif

Style Diction · Figure of speech · Imagery · Literary technique · Narrative mode · Stylistic device · Suspension of disbelief · Symbolism · Tone

Form Fable · Fairy tale · Flash story · Hypertext · Novel · Novella · Play · Poem · Screenplay · Short story · List of narrative forms

Genre Adventure · Comic · Crime · Docufiction · Epistolary · Erotic · Faction · Fantasy · Historical · Horror · Magic realism · Mystery · Paranoid · Philosophical · Political · Romance · Saga · Satire · Science · Speculative · Superhero · Thriller · Urban

Narrator Alternating person · First-person · Second-person · Third-person · Third-person limited · Third-person objective · Third-person omniscient · Third-person subjective · Stream of consciousness · Unreliable

Tense Past tense · Present tense · Future tense

Related Audience · Author · Fiction writing · Creative nonfiction · Literary theory · Narrative structure · Narratology · Other narrative modes · Rhetoric · Storytelling

Literature portal

Paper Update

Most of your papers are completely wrong because they are not about volcanic eruptions or a legend. Most of your papers are telling a story between people and are not about volcanoes. There is not one paper that I have read so far that is entirely spelled correctly. I will let you fix them but I have lowered grades accordingly.

Here is an example I wrote this morning in about 20 minutes. You should be able to write one this week!

Click picture to watch Mt Borden Explode!

The Legend of Mt. Borden

In the beginning of time, in a land far, far away there lived a tribe leader who was a master at science and magic. His Name was Mr. Borden and he loved the people in his tribe very much. The village, which was named Cat City, had many animals and the town and the people were very prosperous. The crops produced food because the soil was fertile due the position of the town. Cat City rested next to a giant steep mountain.
One day the people began to get sick and some of the older people in the village began to die, which had never happened before. Mr. Borden performed some experiments and decided that he needed some crystals made from Diamonds, Rubies, and Sapphires to cure the people. Mr. Borden also knew that in order to get the special powerful crystals he needed to erupt a explosive cinder cone volcano, which could kill many animals, trees, and people. So one day Mr. Borden climbed up the mountain to the top and noticed that gases were being released from a hole at the top of the mountain that resided next to Cat City. Mr. Borden gathered the animals together to discuss his plan so they could warn others what Mr. Borden was planning to do, which was to activate the great mountain into a giant powerful and destructive volcano which would produce beautiful and powerful crystals needed to heal the people of Cat City.
Mr. Borden led the villagers away from the volcano to the land of Desert Hot Springs that was at the transform boundary between the 2 cities. This was also volatile ground because the ground shakes a lot in this city due to seismic activity and waves being created by the strange inhabitants of the city. The people in Desert Hot Springs were friendly and helped the people of Cat City. Mr. Borden then told the people to remember him fondly when looking at the volcano and that they may never see him again. This news brought tears to many and smiles to a few. Mr. Borden warned the villages to be nice people and to not make war on one another because he would know and cause the volcano to erupt again.
Mr. Borden then went back to the empty village of Cat City and left instructions for the people on how to use the crystals to heal their sick. He then gathered all of the magic powder that he could carry and started his climb up the mountain. On his way up the hill, a bear and a giant panther asked if they could come with him on his journey. He told the animals, “ It may be very dangerous and there is a good chance we wont come down this mountain alive“. They insisted on helping Mr. Borden, because their children were also sick and they wanted to help.
That night, everyone in the village woke up due to the tremendous shaking of the ground and then heard a huge roar coming from the distant mountain that they could see in the distance from Desert Hot Springs. The sky lit up like the 4th of July with brilliant bombs of crystals that rained all over the land. The people returned to their village only see the warning and note left by Mr. Borden. “ Beware, I am watching you. If you make war I will erupt again and kill everyone in the city because I will rain volcanic bombs, ash, rock onto your city. I will also ooze the clumpy sticky high silica lava onto the ground so plants cannot grow there for 100 years“.
The villages have lived in peace for many years. The village named the mountain, Mt Borden. It is said that the ground will shake because of the great Bear that lives inside, and will scream and roar because of the giant panther that is inside of it if Mt. Borden becomes angry. Mt Borden has not erupted in many years but sits brooding on the edge of the village waiting in silence for revenge.

(690 words) spell checked and is related to volcanic eruptions

March 6 2013
?FD: What type of lava creates explosive eruptions?
Objective: 3e. Students know there are two kinds of volcanoes: one kind with violent eruptions producing steep slopes and the other kind with voluminous lava flows producing gentle slopes
1) quiz

1 What sort of volcanic activity is the most likely to lead to the formation of gentle slopes?
A earthquakes
B voluminous lava flows
C violent eruptions
D spewing of ash clouds

2 What are the primary factors that determine whether a volcano will have a violent or quiet eruption?
A magma composition
B pressure and temperature of gases within the volcano
C magma temperature
D All of the above

3 A lava flow that is considered fluid has a __________.
A high silica content
B a large volume of dissolved gases
C low silica content
D rhyolitic flow

4 The two main differences between a composite volcano and a shield volcano are their_____________.
A lava type and height
B eruption frequency and height
C lava type and shape
D eruption frequency and shape

5 Which of the following characteristics describe a shield volcano?
A voluminous lava flow creating gentle slopes
B voluminous lava flow creating steep slopes
C violent eruption creating steep slopes
D violent eruption creating flat plains

6 Mauna Loa, a volcano on the Island of Hawaii, is the Earth’s largest volcano. Mauna Loa has enormous gentle slopes, making it a
A shield volcano, created by an accumulation of slow lava flows.
B shield volcano, created by a violent eruption.
C composite volcano, created by both violent eruptions and slow lava flows.
D composite volcano, created by several violent eruptions.

7 Mt. Fujiyama, the highest mountain in Japan at over 12,000 feet elevation, is an active volcano. Mt. Fujiyama has steep sloping sides that were likely formed by
A an accumulation of slow lava flows.
B uplift from transform faulting.
C violent volcanic eruption.
D both violent eruptions and continuous lava flows.

8 The type of volcano and the violence of a volcanic eruption are based on the viscosity of the magma inside the volcano. Magmas tend to have high viscosity due to

A cooler temperatures and high silica content.
B higher temperatures and low silica content.
C cooler temperatures and low silica content.
D higher temperatures and high silica content.

9 What sort of terrain is most likely to be the result of a voluminous lava flow?
A flat plains
B steep slopes
C gentle slopes
D new mountains

10 During an explosive eruption, which provides the force to push molten rock out of the volcano’s vent?
A dissolved gases
B a build-up of ash
C pools of water
D a low silica content high

11 The volcano in Hawaii called Kilauea is the result of a hot spot. Which of the following is an adequate explanation of a hot spot?
A A hot spot occurs when a volcano expresses most of the material in its magma chamber and collapses.
B A hot spot occurs when a tectonic plate moves under another plate, causing extreme pressure.
C A hot spot occurs when a plume of hotter than normal melted mantle material rises toward the surface of the Earth.
D A hot spot occurs when a spout of superheated gases shoots up from the beneath the earth’s surface.

12 The best explanation for the formation of the Hawaiian Islands is that they are the result of a __________.
A convergent boundary
B transform boundary
C divergent boundary
D hot spot in the Earth’s mantle

13 The location of volcanoes is related to __________.
A geography of the land
B plate boundaries
C earthquake activity
D cracks in the Earth’s crust

14 The volcanoes encircling the Pacific basin are known as __________.
A the circle of volcanoes
B the volcano loop
C the disk of fire
D the ring of fire

15 Large, steep sloping volcanoes with violent, explosive eruptions are generally formed
A from low viscous magma.
B by hotspot activity.
C in subduction zones.
D away from plate boundaries.

16) The Rock type that is formed from heat and pressure is called?
a) metamorphic b) igneous c) sedimentary d) gemstones

17) The rock type that is formed from molten material is called?
a) metamorphic b) igneous c) sedimentary d) obsidian

18) The type of rock that is formed from sediments of other rocks is called?
a) metamorphic b) igneous c) sedimentary d) salt

19) The stage of a volcano where the magma chamber is no longer active is called?
a) dormant b) active c) extinct d) caldera

20)Groundwater that is heated by magma is called a ?
a) geyser b) hot springs c) pyroclastic flow d) jacuzzi

March 5 2013QFD: Nature has no principles. She makes no distinction between good and evil. Anatole France
?FD: Steep sloped volcanoes are ____________ while gentle sloped are _____________?
Objective: 3e. Students know there are two kinds of volcanoes: one kind with violent eruptions producing steep slopes and the other kind with voluminous lava flows producing gentle slopes
1) demonstrations finish notes
2) film clip
March 4 2013
QFD: Mistakes are always forgivable, if one has the courage to admit them. Bruce Lee
?FD: What type of volcanoes have quiet eruptions? Where are they in the world?
Objective: 3e. Students know there are two kinds of volcanoes: one kind with violent eruptions producing steep slopes and the other kind with voluminous lava flows producing gentle slopes
1) notes
Volcano – a weak spot in the crust where molten material, or magma rises to the surface creating new rock and forming new islands
Magma is rock forming substances that includes gases and water vapor and becomes lava when it reaches the surface
Ring of Fire – the pacific plate which has the most active volcanoes on earth
Divergent plate boundary volcanoes – most of these are in the ocean below the surface except for Iceland and the Azores islands
Convergent Plate boundary volcanoes – Subduction causes oceanic crust to melt and form magma resulting in Island arcs (Japan, New Zealand, Philippines, and Aleutian islands)
Hot Spot Volcanoes – An area where magma melts through the crust in the middle of a plate (Hawaii, Yellowstone Park in Wyoming )
Igneous Rocks – Formed when magma cools ( Pumice and Obsidian are darker rocks)
Volcanic Eruptions – dissolved gases rush to the surface carrying magma which are either violent producing steep volcanoes or voluminous (runny) producing gentle sloped volcanoes
Volcanoes are composed of a magama chamber, a pipe, a vent, and a crater
SILICA – material that is formed when silcon and oxygen combine. The more silica magma, the thicker magma. High silica – light rocks, explosive steep volcanoes Low silica – dark rocks, non explosive, quiet eruptions producing gentle sloped volcanoes
Volcano stages – active = a live magma chamber dormant = sleeping magma chamber extinct – dead magma chamber
Geothermal areas – (hot springs, geysers) water is heated that is nearby magma and can be used to produce clean energy
Shield Volcanoes – gently sloped, non explosive volcanoes, quiet eruptions ( Mauna Loa)
Cinder Cone – steep, cone shaped, explosive volcanoes (Paricutin)
Composite Volcanoes – steep, alternating flowing lava, explosive ( Mt. Fuji, Mt. St. Helens)
Caldera – collapsed volcano creating a giant hole in surface of Earth (Crater lake, Oregon)
Lava Plateaus – thin, runny lava which form high flat plateaus (Washington, Oregon)
Volcanic Neck – hardened magma inside a volcanic pipe and softer rock wears away
Batholith – mass of rock formed when magma cools inside the crust forming an extinct volcano
Pyroclastic flow – an explosive eruption that hurls volcanic bombs, cinders and ash (most violent eruption)
Hot springs – groundwater is heated by nearby magma that rises to the surface ( desert hot springs)
Geyser – fountain of water and steam that erupts from the ground ( old faithful, yellowstone park)
Metamorphic Rocks – rocks that are changed from heat and pressure inside earth ( gemstones, quartz, etc)
sedimentary rocks – rocks that are formed from other rocks also include organic rocks ( coal, limestone amber, coral, petrified wood) and are compacted together

Volcano cams


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