Posted by: mrborden | October 7, 2012

Week 6 – Our Solar System


Oct 12 2012
QFD:In the end, it’s not going to matter how many breaths you took, but how many moments took your breath away – Shing Xiong
?FD: What is the smallest Gas Planet? The Biggest?
Objective: Students will know and be able to understand:
ESS 1a – The similarities and differences between the sun, the terrestrial and gas planets which were formed freom a nebular cloud of dust and gas 4.6 billion years ago

1) quiz
2) movie clips about the planets ( questions)
3) notebook check
Oct 11 2012
QFD: Never tell your problems to anyone…20% don’t care and the other 80% are glad you have them.- Lou Holtz
?FD: Name 3 similarities about the gas planets
Objective: Students will know and be able to understand:
ESS 1a – The similarities and differences between the sun, the terrestrial and gas planets which were formed freom a nebular cloud of dust and gas 4.6 billion years ago

1) READING
2) GROUPS
3) film clips @ OUTER PLANETS (IF TIME)
Oct 10 2012
QFD: If humans had to eat what they kill there would be no more war – anon
?FD:How old is Earth? Our Sun?
Objective: Students will know and be able to understand:
ESS 1a – The similarities and differences between the sun, the terrestrial and gas planets which were formed freom a nebular cloud of dust and gas 4.6 billion years ago

1) Graph assignment
2) Pre reading assignment ( words we do not know)
3) read/notes outer planets
Quiz ( if time)
Check Hw : Graph
1 The diameter of the largest terrestrial planet, Earth, is only one–quarter the diameter of which smallest gas planet?
A Neptune
B Uranus
C Saturn
D Jupiter

2 A nebula consists of 92 percent of which element?
a) Helium b) Hydrogen c) Nitrogen d) Carbon

3 Terrestrial planets are __________ than gas planets.
A brighter
B more sparse
C more dense
D larger

4 Which of the following do all terrestrial planets have in common?
A matching atmospheres
B small and rocky
C considered gas planets
D ring systems

5 Why do scientists refer to Venus as Earth’s “twin”?
A similar gravitational pressure
B similar amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere
C similar atmosphere
D similar size and age

6 What is responsible for each planets elliptical orbit around the Sun?
A distance between planets
B size of each planet
C Sun’s gravitational force
D visible radiation from distant galaxies

7 Which planet has the fastest orbital motion and the shortest period of revolution?
A Jupiter
B Earth
C Pluto
D Mercury

8 The planet located closest to the Sun is which type of planet?
A dwarf
B Jovian
C gas
D terrestrial

9 What is the relationship between the density of a planet and the distance from the sun?
A Planets that form farthest from the sun have the highest overall density compared to the planets that are closer to the sun.
B There is no relationship between the density of the planet and the distance from the sun.
C The planets closest to and farthest away from the sun have the greatest densities, and the planets in the middle have the smallest densities.
D Planets that form closest to the sun have the highest overall density compared to the planets that are further from the sun.

10 Gas giants are formed on the outer solar nebula where they were able to collect large amounts of dust and gas. Which of the following is true about gas giants?
A Gas giants are made completely of gases.
B The only gas giant with rings is Saturn.
C Gas giants are the largest planets.
D All of the gas giants are less dense than liquid water.


1) Jupiter is _ _______ times as big as earth
2) Saturn is so light could ____________
3) Dutch astronomer _____________ first explained the rings in the year of _______________
4) _____________ discovered Uranus
5) Uranus has ______________ clouds
6) The rings are made of ___________ and ______________
7) Neptune is ___________ times Earths diameter
8) Neptune atmosphere is made up of _____________________
9) 1994 photo was taken by the _____________ telescope,
10) The movie odd balls describes the area beyond ______________________

Oct 9 2012
QFd: It’s not the hours you put in your work that counts, it’s the work you put in the hours.Sam Ewing
Space Science History today – Felix Baumgarten jumps from space
?fd: Name 3 similarities that all the terrestrial planets share, Name a unique difference that each planet has.
Objective: Students will know and be able to understand:
ESS 1a – The similarities and differences between the sun, the terrestrial and gas planets which were formed freom a nebular cloud of dust and gas 4.6 billion years ago

1) continue reading @ terrestrial planets
2) begin reading @ outer planets
3) notes
> check charts pg 683 + 691
HW: make a bar graph using the diameter of the planets and sun by placing the Km on the vertical axis and the name of the planets on the bottom.











1) Do the gas giants have a solid surface? What is made of?
2) Do the gas giants have solid cores? Is their evidence that can prove this fact?
3) Do the gas giants all have rings? What sizes?
4) What are the 2 views that scientists have hypothesized for these ring structures?
5) What are the 2 main gases that are in the gas giants?
6) Do these gas giants have winds? What causes these winds?


1) Jupiter is _ _______ times as big as earth
2) Saturn is so light could ____________
3) Dutch astronomer _____________ first explained the rings in the year of _______________
4) _____________ discovered Uranus
5) Uranus has ______________ clouds
6) The rings are made of ___________ and ______________
7) Neptune is ___________ times Earths diameter
8) Neptune atmosphere is made up of _____________________
9) 1994 photo was taken by the _____________ telescope,
10) The movie odd balls describes the area beyond ______________________

Oct 8 2012
QFD: Is boredom anything less than the sense of one’s faculties slowly dying? – John Berger
?FD: Which of the first 4 planets rotates backwards? What is the vocabulary word for this?
Objective: Students will know and be able to understand:
ESS 1a – The similarities and differences between the sun, the terrestrial and gas planets which were formed freom a nebular cloud of dust and gas 4.6 billion years ago

Word of the Day : Plasma is a state of matter similar to gas in which a certain portion of the particles is ionized
1) Film clips planets
2) reading groups
3) answer SR all pg 689 into your notebook or as HW if there is no time in class

1) The inner planets are made of _____________ and _____________
2) The inner planets are called the ______________ planets
3) Mercury ___________ temperatures
4) Mercury’ has been impacted by _____________ which create _____________
5) Venus is so hot like a _______________ __________
6) Is Venus geologically active? Are the craters all there ?
7) Why so we not see impact craters on earth?

1) most carbon on Earth is located in our _______________
2) The process of ____________ helps Earth and its inhabitants
3) 21% of our atmosphere is ___________ and _________ bicycles
4) Mars formed ___________ billion years ago
5) Planet means _________________ from the ancient greek

1) Does life exist on Mars in any form? was there water on Mars in its past?
2) The rover was sent to mars to find ____________
3) The RAT is designed to ___________
4) Spirit was sen to ____________ crater
5) Did water flow into the crater?
6) Hematite forms in ______________ on Earth
7) June ______ 2003 Spirit landed on Mars
8) Nasa stands for _______________________
9) The bowl shaped crater is named _________________
10) Did Mars once have lakes? ____








wed)

I have been asked this question many times during the last few years!
So tell me Why is pluto not a planet in a paragraph.


Write a paragraph describing how NASA is examining NEAR EARTH ASTEROIDS or NEAs


Which of the following statements best
describes how the planets of the solar system
formed?

A They are condensed rings of matter thrown
off by the young Sun.

B They are the remains of an exploded star once
paired with the Sun.

C The Sun captured them from smaller, older
nearby stars.

D They formed from a nebular cloud of dust
and gas.
https://mrborden.wordpress.com/2010/09/27/supernovae/
Perfect paragraph using 5 vocabulary words
finish pictures about outer Gas giants and 3 fact about each planet
Questions 7-10 should be answered by the weekend and 1-6 should be started

Moon Landing Mission and Spacecraft Mission 200 pts
4 people per group
Products – 1 living station ( product discussed in class) Space engineer
1 Lunar module ( variation of model of living station) Aerospace engineer
1 page paper on the Apollo Missions and the moon – Linguistics Specialist
And a picture of the area on Mars we are landing complete with 3 points of contact (ipad)
Aerospace geologist
The mission and take off to Mars is fast approaching. The WSA needs more answers. They have asked that a team of 4 volunteers guide a mission to the moon before we begin our mission and new life on Mars. While they believe that your efforts are admirable they still do not want to spend the 200 billion dollars necessary for your project to be a success until you can prove to design a model of the lunar module and your living station. The asteroid has also seemed to slow down due to new calculations and has allowed you 1 extra year to prepare. You will need to bring 1 Aerospace engineer to build the lunar module and 1 space engineer to build the living station. Since we will need a full report of what is going on, we also need a Linguistic specialist to document the importance of the Apollo missions and how the moon was formed and to teach this information to the others on this mission.
We also need a Aerospace geologist to draw us a colored map of where we will land including 3 contact points with their exact locations. These projects are due by Monday since we are on a tight deadline . May the force be with you!
The schematics for the lunar module and space station are on the website and in your notebook.
The map should be very detailed and contain exact locations
The report should be typed but may be written and added to your website on a new page titled Mission to the Moon


Test 1a and standard 2

1 The diameter of the largest terrestrial planet, Earth, is only one–quarter the diameter of which smallest gas planet?
A Neptune
B Uranus
C Saturn
D Jupiter

2 A nebula consists of 92 percent of which element?
a) Helium b) Hydrogen c) Nitrogen d) Carbon

3 Terrestrial planets are __________ than gas planets.
A brighter
B more sparse
C more dense
D larger

4 Which of the following do all terrestrial planets have in common?
A matching atmospheres
B small and rocky
C considered gas planets
D ring systems

5 Why do scientists refer to Venus as Earth’s “twin”?
A similar gravitational pressure
B similar amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere
C similar atmosphere
D similar size and age

6 What is responsible for each planets elliptical orbit around the Sun?
A distance between planets
B size of each planet
C Sun’s gravitational force
D visible radiation from distant galaxies

7 Which planet has the fastest orbital motion and the shortest period of revolution?
A Jupiter
B Earth
C Pluto
D Mercury

8 The planet located closest to the Sun is which type of planet?
A dwarf
B Jovian
C gas
D terrestrial

9 What is the relationship between the density of a planet and the distance from the sun?
A Planets that form farthest from the sun have the highest overall density compared to the planets that are closer to the sun.
B There is no relationship between the density of the planet and the distance from the sun.
C The planets closest to and farthest away from the sun have the greatest densities, and the planets in the middle have the smallest densities.
D Planets that form closest to the sun have the highest overall density compared to the planets that are further from the sun.

10 Gas giants are formed on the outer solar nebula where they were able to collect large amounts of dust and gas. Which of the following is true about gas giants?
A Gas giants are made completely of gases.
B The only gas giant with rings is Saturn.
C Gas giants are the largest planets.
D All of the gas giants are less dense than liquid water.

11 What accounts for most of the visible mass in the universe?
A asteroids
B galaxies
C planets
D moons

12 Galaxies consist primarily of billions of __________.
A stars
B planets
C asteroids
D moons

13 Galaxies are visible in the universe because they are composed of objects that __________.
A absorb electromagnetic radiation
B reflect or emit electromagnetic radiation
C absorb elements made in fusion reactions
D reflect or emit elements made in fusion reactions

14 On a clear night, a person can see billions of stars within the Milky Way __________.
A galaxy
B cluster
C system
D structure

15 Stars get their energy from nuclear fusion. During nuclear fusion, hydrogen atoms collide and form helium atoms. When the hydrogen atoms are all used up, the star becomes heavier. Heavier stars must start fusing helium atoms into heavier elements such as carbon and oxygen until the helium is used up, too. This evidence suggests that __________.

A nuclear fusion is an inefficient source of energy
B most elements in the universe were probably made by nuclear fusion
C nuclear fusion only works with light elements
D the formation of carbon and oxygen is what causes supernovas

16 The primary fusion reaction within the Sun and most other stars is __________.
A the fusion of helium into lithium
B the fusion of hydrogen into helium
C the fusion of heavy elements like iron
D the fusion of lithium and beryllium into carbon

17 Nuclear fusion can occur in the cores of stars under which condition(s)?
A normal conditions
B extreme heat and pressure
C extreme velocity
D extreme gravity

18 Which type of radiation do astronomers study with an exploding star?
A gamma
B burning
C alpha
D debris

19 In February of 2010, astronomers reported discovering the largest star in the Milky Way Galaxy. The stage of the star’s life cycle was estimated using __________
A computer models based on our Sun.
B the age of the Milky Way Galaxy.
C samples taken from the star’s core.
D visual, radio, and X–ray telescopes.

20 When nuclei collide within particle accelerators, it mimics __________, a process within stars that could be a nearly endless source of energy.
A nuclear fission
B radioactive decay
C nuclear fusion
D nuclear radiation

21 A star will run out of fuel and collapse due to __________.
A fleeing gases
B explosion 
C gravity
D black holes

22 White dwarfs are the remains of __________ stars.
A low and medium mass
B only low mass
C only medium mass
D only high mass

23 Massive stars will end in huge explosions and become black holes or __________.
A small planets 
B protostars 
C neutron stars
D main sequence stars

24 Galaxies that exhibit the greatest red shifts are __________.
A the furthest away 
B the closest 
C the smallest 
D the largest

25 According to the Big Bang theory, the universe began 13.7 billion years ago and two hundred million years later, stars and galaxies __________.
A were already formed 
B began to sustain life
C began contracting
D began to form

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