Posted by: mrborden | April 29, 2012

Cell Parts, Prokaryotic, Eukaryotic, Viruses

Thursday May 3 and Friday May 4th
Directions for Cell Booklet

You will create a booklet describing the parts of a cell and include pictures, a definition, and an analogy of the following parts of the cell
Front cover – Only write your Name and the words Parts of the Cell otherwise you will not be able to use them next year also
1) Page 1 and 2 Animal and Plant cell
2) Pg 3 Nucleus, Nucleolus, and Chromosomes 1 picture from pg 75 in green book
3) Pg 4 Endoplasmic reticulum and Ribosome’s 1 picture from pg 77
4) Pg 5 Mitochondria and Chloroplasts 2 pictures from pgs 78 and 80
5) pg 6 Lysosome and vacuoles 2 pictures from pgs 79 (fig 3-12) and Pg 80 (fig 3-13)
6)On the back cover draw the picture of Diffusion and Osmosis from Pg 85 and describe both
The definitions have been given to you and the analogies are the green lettered words next to the cell part
(Due by the beginning of the period on Monday May 7)

Wed May 2
1 The structure that surrounds and regulates substances entering and leaving the cell is called __________.
A the endoplasmic reticulum C the cell membrane
B ribosome D mitochondria

2 Osmosis, the flow of water across a cellular membrane, always occurs in which of the following directions?
A from a low concentration of water to a high concentration
B from a high concentration of water to a low concentration
C from the inside of the cell to the outside of the cell
D from the outside of the cell to the inside of the cell

3 Which of the following has a membrane-bound nucleus?
A protein B eukaryote C prokaryote D virus

4 __________ cells have no real nucleus.
A Eukaryotic B DNA C Prokaryotic D Animal

5 Animal cells contain all of the following organelles EXCEPT __________.
A a cell membrane B mitochondria C chloroplasts D Golgi apparatus

6 Which of the following is a primary difference between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells?
A Prokaryotic cells contain a membrane–bound nucleus, eukaryotic cells do not.
B Prokaryotic cells contain DNA, eukaryotic cells do not.
C Eukaryotic cells contain a membrane–bound nucleus, prokaryotic cells do not.
D Eukaryotic cells contain DNA, prokaryotic cells do not.

7 The __________ is the structure responsible for modifying proteins, packaging proteins into vesicles, and transporting them to the plasma membrane for secretion.
A Golgi apparatus B nucleus C lysosome D ribosome

8 Ribosomes attached to the __________ produce secretory proteins.
A nuclear envelope C Golgi apparatus
B rough endoplasmic reticulum D lysosomes

9 __________ bind to the endoplasmic reticulum once it begins making a protein destined for sorting.
A nucleotides B ribosomes C amino acids D codons

10 Which of the following statements is true about chloroplasts?
A Chloroplasts are used to store the starch that is converted from sugar during photosynthesis.
B Chloroplasts are surrounded by four membranes.
C Chloroplasts capture sunlight and turn it into useable energy.
D Chloroplasts extract energy from food molecules.

11 Which of the following is one of the roles of chloroplasts in plant cells?
A capture of energy from sunlight C breakdown of sugar into energy
B capture of energy from food D storage of energy as heat

12 Photosynthesis is the conversion of __________ into __________.
A sugar, energy C visible light, energy
B ATP, energy D energy, chlorophyll

13 Which of the following is the correct chemical equation for photosynthesis?
A 6CO2 + C2H12O + light energy → 6h2O + 6O2
B 6CO2 + 6H2O + light energy → C6H12O6 + 6O2
C C6H12O6 + light energy → 6O26CO2 + 6H2O
D 6CO2 + 6H2O → C6H12O6 + light energy + 6O2

14 Which organelle is involved in the breakdown of glucose and the production of energy?
A chloroplasts B mitochondria C ribosomes D nucleus

15 Which of the following is one of the roles of mitochondria?
A storage of energy as sugar C storage of the cell’s genetic information
B capture of sunlight as energy D completion of the breakdown of sugar

16 Mitochondria make __________ for cells by breaking down sugars into carbon dioxide.
A oxygen B glucose C water D energy

17 The function of the cell wall is to __________.
A provide energy for the cell
B control all of the cell’s activities
C provide structure and shape for the cell
D use energy from the sun and convert it into food for the cell

18 __________, unlike __________, have cell walls that give shape and internal organization to each cell.
A Animal cells, plant cells C Plant cells, animal cells
B Prokaryotes, eukaryotes D Eukaryotes, prokaryotes

19 The cell walls that give structure and support to plant cells are composed of __________.
A phospholipids B protein C nucleic acids D cellulose

20 Proteins are made up of many smaller units called __________.
A monosaccharides B amino acids C lipids D nucleic acids

Monday April 30 and Tuesday May 1
NO QFD , Write down objectives
Objective: BSS 1a. Students know cells are enclosed within semipermeable membranes that regulate their interaction with their surroundings
BSS 1c. Students know how prokaryotic cells, eukaryotic cells (including those from plants and animals), and viruses differ in complexity and general structure
1e. Students know the role of the endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi apparatus in the secretion of proteins.
1f. Students know usable energy is captured from sunlight by chloroplasts and is stored through the synthesis of sugar from carbon dioxide.
1g. Students know the role of the mitochondria in making stored chemical-bond energy available to cells by completing the breakdown of glucose to carbon dioxide
Cell theory – Robert Hooke discovered in 1663 that all living things are made of cells
Cells are the basic unit of structure and function for living things
Living cells come only from other living cells
Cell Wall – rigid structure found only in a plant cell that allows certain substance into and out of the cell and is made up of cellulose (sugar molecule)
Cell Membrane – Doorway to the cell, osmosis and diffusion allow certain subsatnce into and out of the cell from areas of high concentration to areas of low concentration
Nucleus – Control center or brains of the cell that regulates all cell activity
Nuclear membrane – allows substance into and out of the Nucleus
Chromosomes – 23 pairs or 46 total chromosomes direct activities within the nucleus of a cell which pass down characterisitcs from parent to offspring and are composed of nucleic acids (DNA, RNA)
Endoplasmic reticullum – transportaion system for the cell to move protein chains and enzymes like a freeway system
Ribosomes – Protein factories and attached to the endoplasmic reticullum (RNA) and controlled by the nucleus
Mitochondria – Energy producer for the cell by breaking down sugars and converting them to glucose which is the energy rich molecule
Vacuoles – strorage tanks for waste products , water and are much larger in a plant cell than a animal cell
Lysosomes – more common in animal cells than plant cells and they have enzymes that break down large molecules into smaller molecules involved in digestion
Chloroplast – Plant cell only and convert sunlight into energy and contain Chlorophyll and give plants their green color
Golgi Apparatus – addresses and packages enzymes to be deliveered throuout the cell (Post Office)
Osmosis – movement of water from high concentration to low concentration within a cell
Diffusion – movement of all other substances from high concentration to low concentration within a cell
Active Transport – materials that diffuse into and out of the cell which requires energy, and does not move from high to low concentration like calcium, potassium and sodium
Mitosis – cell division which occurs in a series of phases and the nucleus splits into 2 new daughter cells (90)

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